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Treatment of cataracts

The material has been prepared by

Dr. Elena Belikova, Ph.D.

What is cataract?

Eye cataracts are a progressive lens clouding that reduces visual acuity and can lead to complete blindness.

Symptoms of cataracts:

  • Decreased vision
  • Appearance of fog, veil (as if looking through cellophane) and general discomfort in the eyes
  • Causes of occurrence: In 90% of cases, this is age
  • Genetic predisposition Eye injuries (chemical, mechanical, concussion)
  • Endocrine disorders (metabolic, diabetes mellitus, vitamin deficiency)
  • Long-term use of a number of medications
  • Adverse environmental conditions, smoking

Diagnosis of the disease

In the eye clinic of the doctor Belikova doctor on a diagnostic examination of the organs of vision will determine the type of disease, the degree of pathological changes and prescribe treatment. Unfortunately, replacing a clouded crystalline lens with an artificial one is indispensable; other types of treatment are ineffective.

Treatment of cataracts in the Eye Clinic of Dr. Belikova

After diagnosing eye cataracts, the operation is best performed in the early stages of the disease, you should not wait for its “maturation”. In the early stages, the intervention itself, as well as the postoperative period, will be much simpler and easier.

Untimely surgical treatment of cataracts leads to the development of the following complications:

  • Corneal dystrophy (a group of chronic diseases of the cornea leading to clouding)
  • Dislocation of the lens into the vitreous body (displacement into the anterior chamber of the eye or vitreoretinal cavity)
  • Glaucoma is a disease accompanied by an increase in intraocular pressure.
  • Ultrasonic phacoemulsification, today, is the gold standard for cataract removal and has several advantages: Operation time is only 10-15 minutes.

It is performed on high-tech equipment by an experienced surgeon, professor, MD Belikova Elena I., whose surgical experience is more than 20,000 operations. Only high-quality artificial lenses are used (IOL - intraocular lenses) Disposable supplies.

How is cataract surgery?

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    Anesthetic drops drip onto the surface of the cornea

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    Surgical access is formed to the clouded lens

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    Ultrasound removes the crystalline masses

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    The space for the introduction of the IOL is freed.

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    The intraocular lens is inserted into the capsule bag.

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    The operation is completed.

Which artificial lens to choose?

Most modern intraocular lenses are flexible: they have shape memory, so the process of their implantation turns into an “easy” mini-operation. Their material is safe and has a long shelf life of over 100 years. You will have enough for a long time. Our ophthalmologists will select the most effective models of intraocular lenses from the world's leading manufacturers, which are divided into 7 categories according to material and structure: The first category (hydrophobic white spherical)

The elastic artificial lens IOL AcrySof SA - ALCON (USA) is white, the material is hydrophobic acrylic, more resistant to clouding of the posterior lens capsule, has a UV filter but does not have a yellow filter to protect the retina. You will need points for distance or near.

The second category (spherical yellow)

The elastic artificial lens AcrySof Natural - ALCON (USA) with a UV filter and protection against invisible blue light spectra. The material of the lenses is yellow, which repeats the color of the natural lens. It protects the retina better from the development of macular degeneration - a disease in which the retina is affected and central vision is impaired. You will need points for distance or near.

The third category (aspherical hydrophobic yellow and white)

Soft lenses closest to the natural lens Aspira - HumanOptics (Germany), Hoya 251 (Japan), AcrySof IQ - АLCON (USA), Tecnis ZCB00 - Abbott (USA), CT ASPHINA - Carl Zeiss (Germany). Due to asphericity, they compensate for the negative aberrations (deviations) of the age eye, which gives high image quality and natural color reproduction. You need glasses for near - with good vision in the distance or glasses for distance - with good vision near.

The fourth category (toric)

Aspherical toric AcrySof IQ Toric (hydrophobic, yellow) - Alcon (USA), AT Torbi (hydrophilic white) - Carl Zeiss (Germany). Recommended for patients with cataracts and corneal astigmatism to obtain high and quality vision. Points will not be needed to correct astigmatism, but points will be needed for near or far. The structure and structure of the optical part of the lens are similar to a natural lens.

The fifth category (3-focus)

The latest development in the field of multifocal lenses is the Acrysof PanOptix ALCON (USA) multifocal trifocal lenses and Carl Zeiss (Germany) AT LISA. Soft focusing is comfortable for patients. From the moment of implantation, the lens begins to act like a natural lens. Three focuses provide excellent maximum visual acuity in the distance, near and at a medium distance. The patient is completely fine without glasses.

The sixth category (3-focus toric)

Acrysof PanOptix Toric ALCON. Soft focusing is comfortable for patients. From the moment of implantation, the lens begins to act like a natural lens. Recommended for patients with corneal astigmatism to obtain high and quality vision. Three focuses provide excellent maximum visual acuity in the distance, near and at a medium distance. The patient is completely fine without glasses.

Sign up for treatment at the Eye Clinic of Dr. Belikova, and we will certainly help you. Numerous Patient reviews indicate that the replacement of a clouded lens with phacoemulsification is easy and painless.

Age is not a hindrance in order to improve the quality of your life. The record of our clinic is cataract removal for a 94-year-old Patient without complications.